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History

1961 Presidential decree creates the GOCNAE (Grupo de Organizao da Comisso Nacional de Atividades Espaciais) ( Group for the Organization of the National Space Activities Commission), INPEs embryo.
 
1963 The GOCNAE becomes the CNAE (Comisso Nacional de Atividades Espaciais) (National Commission of Space Activities).
 
1964 The Aeronautics Ministry establishes the GTEPE (Grupo de Trabalho de Estudos e Projetos Espaciais) Workgroup of Space Studies and Projects).
 
1965 First campaigns for launching INPE work-loaded probing rockets, from Barreira do Inferno Launching Center (Natal/RN).
 
1966 The GTEPE is created.

Beginning of the Meteorologia por Satlite (Meteorology by Satellite) (MESA) program reception of meteorological images.
 
1968 Beginning of the post-graduation courses.
 
1969 Beginning of activities in remote sensing.
 
1971 The CNAE is extinct. INPE (Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais National Institute of Space Research) is created, associated to the CNPq.

The Comisso Brasileira de Atividades Espaciais (Brazilian Commission of Space Activities) (COBAE) is created.
 
1972/ 1973 Implementation of the remote sensing Satellite data reception station, in Cuiab (MT).
 
1979 The MECB (Misso Espacial Completa Brasileira) (Complete Brazilian Space Mission) is approved. It is established that INPE will develop data collecting and remote sensing Satellites, and CTA will develop the Satellite launching vehicle and the implementation of a Brazilian launching Center.
 
1980 Transfer of the Centro de Radioastronomia e Astrofsica Mackenzie (CRAAM) (Mackenzie Radioastronomy and Astrophysics Center) over to INPE.
 
1982 First scientific expedition to Antarctica.

Investment in infrastructure for the Complete Brazilian Space Mission: Integration and Tests Laboratory (1983-87) and the Satellite Tracking and Control Center (1987-89).
 
1985 The Science and Technology Ministry (MCT) is created. INPE passed over to the MCT, as an autonomous organ.
 
1986 Creation of the Associated Laboratories Plasma, Sensors and Materials, Computing and Applied Mathematics and Combustion and Propulsion.

Beginning of the burned land monitoring program.
 
1987 Inauguration of the Integration and Tests Laboratory.
 
1988 Execution of the Cooperation Agreement between Brazil and China, aiming at the development of Satellites (CBERS-1 and CBERS-2).
 
1989 The SCT (Secretaria Especial da Cincia e Tecnologia) (Special Science and Technology Bureau) is created as an organ integrating the Republics Presidency.

Start-up of PRODES Project Brazilian Amazonian Forest Monitoring by Satellites, with annual data survey about data on the deforestation of Legal Amazonia.
 
1990 INPE is denominated Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (National Institute for Space Research) and integrated to the SCT/PR Republics Presidency Science and Technology Bureaus basic structure.
 
1992 SCT becomes the Science and Technology Ministry (MCT), and INPE is integrated to it in the condition of a specific organ.
 
1993 SCD-1, the first data collecting Brazilian satellite, wholly developed by INPE, is launched from Cape Canaveral, in Florida, USA.
 
1994 INPE creates CPTEC (Centro de Previso do Tempo e Estudos Climticos) (Weather Forecast and Climatic Studies Center). Brazilian Space Agency is created to replace COBAE.
 
1995 MCTs Regulatory Structure is created and INPE comes to integrate it, in the quality of a Singular Specific Organ.
 
1998 Launching of the SCD-2, also from the American base in Cape Canaveral, in Florida..
 
1999 Launching of the CBERS-1 Earth Resources Chinese-Brazilian Satellite, from a Taiwan base in China.
 
2002 Execution of a new cooperation agreement between Brazil and China for the development of Satellites CBERS-3 and CBERS-4.
 
2003 Launching of Satellite CBERS-2, also from the Taiwan Chinese base.

SCD-1 completes tem years in orbit.

SCD-2 completes five years in orbit.

The Amazonian monitoring system gains a digital image classification, which is made available on Internet.
 
2004 Free CBERS image Catalog is made available on Internet.

Nation-wide Thunderbolt Monitoring Network is made available on Internet.

INPE Supercomputer places Brazil among the eight countries with high processing capacity in weather and climate numerical forecast.
 
2005 Amazonian Deforestation Real Time Detection Program Data (Deteco de Desmatamento da Amaznia em Tempo Real (DETER) are made available on Internet.

INPE reaches the 100-thousand CBERS images distributed, thus becoming the largest world CBERS image distributor.

Integration and Tests Laboratory totalizes 1000 clients served.
 
2006 Free CBERS image catalog is extended to whole South America.

The United States receive CBERS images.
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